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L'état civil

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French English
Être marié To be married
Être divorcé To be divorced
Être fiancé To be engaged
Être pacsé To be in a civil partnership
Être remarié To be married again
Être séparé To be separated
Être célibataire To be single
Être en couple To live with a partner
Être veuf (masculine) To be widowed
Être veuve (feminine) To be widowed
Divorcer To divorce
Se marier To get married
Se pacser To enter into a civil partnership
Se séparer To separate
Se fiancer To get engaged
Madame Mrs
Mademoiselle Miss
Monsieur Mr
Un compagnon A partner
Une compagne A partner
Une femme A wife/a woman
Un mari A husband
Une fille A girl
Un garçon A boy
Un homme A man
Une petite amie A girlfriend
Un petit ami A boyfriend
Nom de famille Surname/family name
Prénom First name
Surnom Nickname


“Se” in front of a verb means that the verb is pronominal. You can find the lesson on pronominal verbs in the book beginners’ level 3.

“Ami(e)” means “friend.” “Petit(e) ami(e)” can be replaced by “petit copain” (m) or “petite copine” (f). “Copain” and “copine” mean friend too.

The words ending in “é”

For the vocabulary starting with “être,” and ending in “é”, add a silent “e” to have the feminine, and a silent “s” to both masculine and feminine to have the plural.

For example:
Je suis marié. (masculine)
Je suis mariée. (feminine)
Nous sommes mariés. (masculine plural)
Nous sommes mariées. (feminine plural)

More in the books

Werther you are learning by yourself, with Anais and Co or if you are a FLE teacher find this lesson and many more in a beautiful book.

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